oil & acrylic paintings

What is an oil painting, oil paints, oil colors;

An oil painting is a painting painted with oil paints or oil colors, in other words a medium is the oil color. Oil colors or oil paints contain pigment which is bounded with oil. It can be sufflower oil, linseed oil, poppyseed oil, walnut oil and many other natural or even synthetic oils. Oil paintings are painted usually on canvas, wood pannel, less often on paper or cardboard.

According to Giorgio Vasari an inventor of modern oil-paints was Flemish painter Jan van Eyck (1390-1441). Many disagree with this thesis, however Jan van Eyck deserves to be credited for a contribution to the oil painting technique and its development.

All the surfaces which are to be painted with oil paints need to be especially prepared, for instance with an oil color primer. Nowadays the most popular oil primer is gesso by Talens, however many artists buy primers produced by other brands such as Winsor&Newton, Maimeri, Schmincke and many others or even make it themselves. For instance I made the primer myself many times and found as a very interesting exercise or an experience.

Oil painting is considered as the most expensive painting technique due its complicated painting process and material costs.